I. Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI)
The Constitution of India does not allow dual citizenship. The provision of granting Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) was introduced on the recommendation of the High Level committee on Indian Diaspora. Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) of certain category who migrated from India and acquired citizenship of a foreign country other than Pakistan and Bangladesh, are eligible for grant of OCI as long as the countries of which they hold the citizenship allows dual citizenship in some form or the other under their local laws.
Grant of OCI does not entitle the person with the certain rights which are exclusively available to the citizens of India. An OCI holder is not entitled to the following benefits:
- He cannot get an Indian passport
- He does not have voting rights
- He cannot be a candidate for Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Legislative Assembly, Council of Ministers or of Council of States
- He cannot hold constitutional posts
- He cannot hold employment in the Government of India
- He cannot acquire agricultural or plantation properties in India.