The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea is the socialist motherland of Juche which has applied the idea and leadership of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung is the founder of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea and the father of socialist Korea. Comrade Kim Il Sung authored the immortal Juche idea and, by organizing and leading the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle under its banner, created the glorious revolutionary traditions and achieved the historic cause of the restoration of national sovereignty.
On the basis of laying a solid foundation for the building of an independent and sovereign State in the political, economic, cultural, and military fields, he founded the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea. Having put forward Juche-oriented revolutionary lines, Comrade Kim Il Sung wisely led various stages of social revolution and construction to strengthen and develop the Republic into a socialist country centred on the masses, into a socialist State which is independent, self-sufficient and self-reliant in defence.
Comrade Kim Il Sung elucidated the fundamental principles of nation building and State activities, established the best State and social system, the best mode of politics and system and methods of administering society, and laid solid foundations for the prosperity of the socialist motherland and for the continuation and consummation of the revolutionary cause of Juche. Regarding â€œThe people are my Godâ€ as his maxim, Comrade Kim Il Sung always mixed with the people, devoted his whole life for them and turned the whole of society into a large family which is united in one mind by taking care of the people and leading them through his noble benevolent politics. The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung is the sun of the nation and the lodestar of national reunification. Regarding the reunification of the country as the supreme national task, Comrade Kim Il Sung devoted all his efforts and care for its realization.
He made the Republic a powerful bastion for national reunification. At the same time, he set forth the fundamental principle and ways of national reunification and developed the movement for national reunification into a nationwide movement, opening the way for achieving the cause of reunification through the united efforts of the whole nation. The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung clarified the basic ideals of the foreign policy of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea. On the basis of this, he expanded and developed the countryâ€™s foreign relations and ensured that the international prestige of the Republic was exalted. As a veteran statesman in the world, Comrade Kim Il Sung opened up the new era of independence, carried out energetic activities for the strengthening and development of the socialist movement and the non-aligned movement as well as for world peace and for friendship among the peoples and made an imperishable contribution to the cause of human independence. Comrade Kim Il Sung was a genius in ideology and theory, a master of leadership, an ever-victorious iron-willed brilliant commander, a great revolutionary and politician and a great man.
The great idea of Comrade Kim Il Sung and the great achievements made under his leadership are the lasting treasures of the Korean revolution and the basic guarantee for the prosperity of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea. Under the leadership of the Workersâ€™ Party of Korea, the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea and the Korean people will hold the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung in high esteem as the eternal President of the Republic and carry the revolutionary cause of Juche through to completion by defending and carrying forward the idea and achievements of Comrade Kim Il Sung. The Socialist Constitution of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea shall be called Kim Il Sungâ€™s Constitution, the codification of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sungâ€™s Juche-oriented ideas on and exploits in State building.Article 1.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea is an independent socialist State representing the interests of all the Korean people.Article 2.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea is a revolutionary State which has inherited the brilliant traditions formed during the glorious revolutionary struggle against the imperialist aggressors, in the struggle to achieve the liberation of the homeland and the freedom and well-being of the people.Article 3.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea is guided in its activities by the Juche idea, a world outlook centred on people, a revolutionary ideology for achieving the independence of the masses of people.Article 4.
The sovereignty of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea resides in the workers, peasants, working intellectuals and all other working people. The working people exercise power through their representative organsâ€•the Supreme Peopleâ€™s Assembly and local Peopleâ€™s Assemblies at all levels.Article 5.
All State organs in the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea are formed and function on the principle of democratic centralism.Article 6.
The organs of State power at all levels, from the county Peopleâ€™s Assembly to the Supreme Peopleâ€™s Assembly, are elected on the principle of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.Article 7.
Deputies to the organs of State power at all levels have close ties with their constituents and are accountable to them for their work. The electors may recall the deputies they have elected if the latter are not to be trusted.Article 8.
The social system of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea is a people-centred system under which the working people are the masters of everything and everything in society serves the working people. The State shall defend and protect the interests of the workers, peasants, working intellectuals and all other working people who have been freed from exploitation and oppression and become masters of the State and society.Article 9.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea shall strive to achieve the complete victory of socialism in the northern half of Korea by strengthening the peopleâ€™s power and vigorously performing the three revolutions-the ideological, technical and cultural-and reunify the country on the principle of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity.Article 10.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea rests on the politico-ideological unity of all the people based on the worker-peasant alliance led by the working class. The State shall revolutionize all the members of society, and assimilate them to the working class by intensifying the ideological revolution, and shall turn the whole of society into a collective, united in a comradely way.Article 11.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea shall conduct all activities under the leadership of the Workersâ€™ Party of Korea.Article 12.
The State shall adhere to the class line, strengthen the dictatorship of peopleâ€™s democracy and firmly defend the peopleâ€™s power and socialist system against all subversive acts of hostile elements at home and abroad.Article 13.
The State shall implement the mass line and apply the Chongsanri spirit and Chongsanri method to all its activities, the spirit and method by which superiors assist their subordinates, mix with the masses to find solutions to problems and rouse them to conscious enthusiasm preferentially through political work, work with people.Article 14.
The State shall powerfully conduct the Three-Revolution Red Flag Movement and other mass movements and accelerate the building of socialism to the maximum.Article 15.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea shall champion the democratic national rights of Koreans overseas and their rights recognized by the international law as well as their interests.Article 16.
The Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea shall guarantee the legal rights and interests of foreigners in its region.Article 17.
Independence, peace and friendship are the basic ideals of the foreign policy and the principles of external activities of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea. The State shall establish diplomatic as well as political, economic and cultural relations with all friendly countries, on principles of complete equality, independence, mutual respect, noninterference in each otherâ€™s affairs and mutual benefit. The State shall promote unity with the world public defending independence, resolutely support and encourage the struggle of all peoples who oppose all forms of aggression and interference and fight for their countriesâ€™ independence and national and class emancipation.Article 18.
The law of the Democratic Peopleâ€™s Republic of Korea reflects the wishes and interests of the working people and is a basic instrument for State administration. Respect for the law and its strict adherence and execution is the duty of all institutions, enterprises, organizations and citizens. The State shall perfect the system of socialist law and promote the socialist law-abiding life.