The Pyithu Hluttaw is the highest Organ of state power. It exercises the sovereign powers of the State on behalf of the people.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall be formed with People's representatives elected directly by secret ballot by citizens who have the right to vote under this Constitution and other electoral laws.
The regular term of the Pyithu Hluttaw is four years from the date of its first session.
The legislative power of the State is vested solely in the Pyithu Hluttaw.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may delegate executive and judicial powers of the State to Central and Local Organs of State Power in accordance with this Constitution.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall have the right to enact laws concerning the culture of a national race only with the consent of more than half of all the members of the Pyithu Hluttaw from the State or Division concerned.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall have exclusive power to enact laws relating to State economic plans, annual budget and taxation.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall decide-
(a) important matters only by a vote of 75 per cent of all of its members;
(b) ordinary matters by a vote of more than half of all its members;
(c) as to whether any matter is important or ordinary by a vote of more than half of the members present.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may decide to declare war and to make peace only by a vote of 75 per cent of all its members. The Council of State shall convene an emergency session of the Pyithu Hluttaw should circumstances call for a decision while the Pyithu Hluttaw is not in session.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may decide to hold a referendum where necessary.
Regular sessions of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall be convened at least twice a year. The interval between two sessions shall not exceed eight months. The Council of State may summon a special or an emergency session of the Pyithu Hluttaw where necessary.
The Council of State shall convene a session of the Pyithu Hluttaw as soon as possible if 34 per cent of all the members of the Pyithu Hluttaw so requisition.
(a) A Panel of Chairmen shall be elected to preside at each regular session of the Pyithu Hluttaw.
(b) The members of the Pyithu Hluttaw from each State or Division shall elect a chairman from among themselves to the Panel of Chairmen. The Pyithu Hluttaw shall give its approval to the election of the chairmen.
(c) Members of the Panel of Chairmen shall preside over the sessions of the Pyithu Hluttaw by rotation.
(d) A member of the Pyithu Hluttaw who is also a member of the Council of State or of any Central Organ of State Power shall not be a member of the Panel of Chairmen. Should a member of the Panel of Chairmen- be elected to the Council of State or to any Central Organ of State Power he shall resign from the Panel.
(e) The Panel of Chairmen shall continue to carry out its duties till a new Panel has been elected at the next regular session of the Pyithu Hluttaw.
(f) The Panel of Chairmen of the Pyithu Hluttaw shall convene a session of the Pyithu Hluttaw if the Council of State fails to comply within 30 days from the date of a requisition made under Article 52.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall-
(a) constitute various Affairs Committees of the Pyithu Hluttaw relating to economic, financial, social, public administrative, legislative, foreign, national races and other affairs, with members elected from among those of the Pyithu Hluttaw;
(b) in accordance with law constitute a National Defence and Security Committee consisting of a suitable number of members of the Council of State and of the Council of Ministers.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall enact a law to enable the Council of People's Inspectors to conduct inspections through committees to be formed by it, to determine whether or not the activities and the work of the following bodies are beneficial to the interests of the people:-
(a) Local Organs of State Power;
(c) Bodies of Public Services; and
(d) such other organizations as may be prescribed by law.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may form Commissions and Committees as and when necessary and invest them with duties and powers.
The Pyithu Hluttaw shall make laws, rules and procedures for itself and for its Affairs Committees.
The Council of State and the Central Organs of State Power shall be responsible to the Pyithu Hluttaw.
(a) If need should arise to arrest any member of the Pyithu Hluttaw while it is in session, reliable evidence in support of such need shall be produced before the Panel of Chairmen. No such arrest shall be made without the prior approval of the Panel of Chairmen.
(b) If need should arise to arrest any member of the Pyithu Hluttaw belonging to any organ of the Pyithu Hluttaw, while such organ is in session, reliable evidence in support of such need shall be produced before the Council of State. No such arrest shall be made without the prior approval of the Council of State.
(c) If any member of the Pyithu Hluttaw is arrested while the Pyithu Hluttaw or any organ of the Assembly to which he belongs is not in session the arrest and reliable evidence in support thereof shall be submitted to the Council of State as soon as possible.
All deliberations and actions in sessions of the Pyithu Hluttaw or of the Organs of the Pyithu Hluttaw are absolutely privileged. No member shall be liable or punishable therefor, except under the laws, rules and regulations of the Pyithu Hluttaw.
When the Pyithu Hluttaw is not in session, the Central Organs of State Power shall reply to written questions submitted by any member of the Pyithu Hluttaw within three weeks from the date of receipt of the question.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may be dissolved if 75 per cent of all its members so resolve.
The Pyithu Hluttaw may dissolve any People's Council or People's Councils for any of the following reasons:-
(a) violation of any provision of this Constitution,
(b) actions undermining national unity,
(c) endangering the stability of the State,
(d) contravention of any resolution adopted by the Pyithu Hluttaw,
(e) inefficient discharge of duties.