The Council of Ministers is the Government (Cabinet) of the Republic of Mozambique.
1. In discharging its functions, the Council of Ministers shall do so in accordance with the decisions of the President of the Republic and the Assembly of the Republic.
2. The Council of Ministers shall be convened and chaired by the Prime Minister, to whom this power is delegated by the President of the Republic.
3. Government policies shall be formulated by the Council of Ministers in sessions chaired by the President of the Republic.
The Council of Ministers shall be responsible to the President of the Republic and to the Assembly of the Republic for the conduct of domestic and foreign policy, and shall give account to them of its activities as provided by law.
1. The Council of Ministers shall secure the administration of the country, shall guarantee its territorial integrity, shall safeguard public order including the security and tranquility of citizens, shall promote economic development, shall implement the State's social program, shall develop and consolidate legality, and shall carry out the country's foreign policy.
2. The defense of public order shall be guaranteed by the appropriate entities operating under government control.
1. In particular, the Council of Ministers shall have power to:
- guarantee the enjoyment by citizens of their rights and freedoms;
- secure public order and social discipline;
- draft bills to be submitted to the Assembly of the Republic, and proposals for decision to be submitted to the President of the Republic;
- draft the State plan and budget, and implement them after they have been approved by the Assembly of the Republic;
- promote and regulate economic activity and the activity of social sectors;
- prepare the signing and formalization of international treaties, and sign, ratify, adhere to and terminate international agreements;
- direct labor and social security policy;
- direct the State social sectors, particularly education and health;
- direct and promote housing policy.
2. The Council of Ministers shall also have power to:
- guarantee the defense and consolidation of the public domain and other assets of the State;
- direct and coordinate the activities of the ministries and other organs subordinate to the Council of Ministers;
- evaluate the activities of local executive organs and regulate their organization and functioning;
- ensure the correct functioning and the development of State institutions and companies and their expansion in accordance with the needs of the economy;
- promote the development of cooperatives and support for peasant family production;
- encourage and support the exercise of private initiative.
1. Notwithstanding other attributes conferred upon him by the President of the Republic and by the law, the Prime Minister shall assist and advise the President of the Republic in the administration of government.
2. In particular, the Prime Minister shall have power to:
- assist the President of the Republic in drawing up the Government program;
- advise the President of the Republic on the creation of ministries and ministerial commissions, and on the appointment of members of the Government and other directors of governmental agencies;
- draft the Government's plan of work and present it to the President of the Republic;
- ensure that members of the Government implement the decisions of the organs of State;
- convene and chair the meetings of the Council of Ministers dealing with the implementation of defined policies and other decisions;
- coordinate and control the activities of ministries and other governmental institutions;
- supervise the procedural and administrative operations of the Council of Ministers.
1. In relation to the Assembly of the Republic, the Prime Minister shall have power to:
- present to the Assembly of the Republic the Government's program and proposed plan and budget;
- present Government reports;
- explain the Government's positions to the Assembly of the Republic.
2. Members of the Council of Ministers, designated by the Prime Minister, shall give assistance in the exercise of these functions.
The members of the Council of Ministers shall be accountable to the President of the Republic and to the Prime Minister for the implementation of the decisions of the Council of Ministers within their areas of jurisdiction.
1. Regulatory acts of the Council of Ministers shall take the form of decrees. Other decisions of the Council of Ministers shall take the form of resolutions.
2. Decrees and resolutions shall be signed by the Prime Minister and published in the Boletim da Republica.