The Republic of Malta

ARTICLE 1. The Republic and its territories.
(1) Malta is a democratic republic founded on work and on  respect for the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual.  

(2) The territories of Malta consist of those territories  comprised in Malta immediately before the appointed day,  including the territorial waters thereof, or of such territories and  waters as Parliament may from time to time by law determine.  

(3) Malta is a neutral state actively pursuing peace, security  and social progress among all nations by adhering to a policy of  non-alignment and refusing to participate in any military alliance.  Such a status will, in particular, imply that:  
  1. no foreign military base will be permitted on Maltese  territory;  
  2. no military facilities in Malta will be allowed to be  used by any foreign forces except at the request of the  Government of Malta, and only in the following cases:
    • in the exercise of the inherent right of selfdefence  in the event of any armed violation of  the area over which the Republic of Malta has  sovereignty, or in pursuance of measures or  actions decided by the Security Council of the  United Nations; or  
    • whenever there exists a threat to the sovereignty,  independence, neutrality, unity or territorial  integrity of the Republic of Malta;  
  3. except as aforesaid, no other facilities in Malta will be  allowed to be used in such manner or extent as will  amount to the presence in Malta of a concentration of  foreign forces;  
  4. except as aforesaid, no foreign military personnel will  be allowed on Maltese territory, other than military  personnel performing, or assisting in the performance  of, civil works or activities, and other than a  reasonable number of military technical personnel  assisting in the defence of the Republic of Malta;  
*See The Malta Independence Order of the 2nd of September, 1964.

(4) The shipyards of the Republic of Malta will be used for  civil commercial purposes, but may also be used,  within reasonable limits of time and quantity, for the  repair of military vessels which have been put in a state of non-combat or for the construction of vessels;  and in accordance with the principles of non-alignment  the said shipyards will be denied to the military  vessels of the two superpowers.  

ARTICLE 2. Religion.
(1) The religion of Malta is the Roman Catholic Apostolic  Religion.  

(2) The authorities of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Church  have the duty and the right to teach which principles are right and  which are wrong.  

(3) Religious teaching of the Roman Catholic Apostolic Faith  shall be provided in all State schools as part of compulsory  education.

ARTICLE 3. National Flag.
(1) The National Flag of Malta consists of two equal vertical stripes, white in the hoist and red in the fly.  

(2) A representation of the George Cross awarded to Malta by  His Majesty King George the Sixth on the 15th April, 1942 is  carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.  

ARTICLE 4. National Anthem.

The National Anthem of Malta is "L-Innu Malti" opening  with the words "Lil din l-Art ]elwa 1-Omm li tatna isimha".

ARTICLE 5. Language.
(1) The National language of Malta is the Maltese language.

(2) The Maltese and the English languages and such other language as may be prescribed by Parliament (by a law passed by not less than two-thirds of all the members of the House of Representatives) shall be the official languages of Malta and the Administration may for all official purposes use any of such languages: Provided that any person may address the Administration in any of the official languages and the reply of the Administration thereto shall be in such language.

(3) The language of the Courts shall be the Maltese language: Provided that Parliament may make such provision for the use of the English language in such cases and under such conditions as it may prescribe.

(4) The House of Representatives may, in regulating its own procedure, determine the language or languages that shall be used in Parliamentary proceedings and records.

ARTICLE 6. Constitution to be supreme law.

Subject to the provisions of sub-articles (7) and (9) of  article 47 and of article 66 of this Constitution, if any other law is  inconsistent with this Constitution, this Constitution shall prevail  and the other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.