Chamber of Deputies

Article 50 Representation
The Chamber of Deputies represents the country. Deputies vote without referring to their constituents and may have in view only the general interests of the Grand Duchy.

Article 51 Parliamentary Democracy, Election, Referendum   
(1) The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is ruled by a system of parliamentary democracy.

(2) The organization of the Chamber is regulated by law.

(3) The Chamber is composed of 60 deputies. A law passed under the provisions of Article 114 (5) sets the number of deputies to be elected in each of the constituencies.

(4) The election is direct.

(5) Deputies are elected by straightforward universal suffrage on the party-list system, in accordance with the rules of proportional representation, the principle of the smallest electoral quota, and the rules to be determined by the law.

(6) The country is divided into four electoral districts: the South (Esch/Alzette and Capellen), the Center (Luxembourg and Mersch), the North (Diekirch, Redange, Wiltz, Clervaux and Vianden) and the East (Grevenmacher, Remich and Echternach).

(7) The electors may be requested to pronounce themselves by way of a referendum in cases and under conditions to be determined by law.

Article 52 Qualifications
(1) To qualify as an elector it is necessary:
  1. to be a Luxembourger, man or woman;
  2. to enjoy civil and political rights;
  3. to have completed 18 years of age.
(2) To these three qualifications shall be added those determined by the law. No tax qualification may be imposed.

(3) To be eligible it is necessary:
  1. to be a Luxembourger, man or woman;
  2. to enjoy civil and political rights;
  3. to have completed 21 years of age;
  4. to be resident in the Grand Duchy.
(4) No other condition of eligibility may be imposed.

Article 53 Non-Qualification
(1) The following may not be electors nor eligible:
  1. persons sentenced to criminal punishment;
  2. persons sentenced for minor offenses depriving them of the right to vote;
  3. persons of full age under guardianship.
(2) No other exclusion clause may be foreseen.

(3) The right to vote may be restored to persons sentenced by penal courts by the way of reprieve.

Article 54 Incompatibilities
(1) The deputy's mandate is incompatible with:
  1. the duties of member of the Government;
  2. those of member of the Council of State;
  3. those of member of the judiciary;
  4. those of member of the Audit Chamber;
  5. those of district commissioner;
  6. those of State collector or accounting officer;
  7. those of career soldier on active service.
(2) Officials involved in a case of incompatibility have the right to choose between the mandate confided to them and their duties.

(3) A deputy called upon to perform the duties of member of the Government and who relinquishes these duties is automatically reinstated as first substitute on the list on which he was elected. The same applies to the substitute deputy who, called upon to perform the duties of member of the Government, renounces the deputy's mandate devolving upon him in the course of these duties. In the event of a contest between two or more rightful claimants, reinstatement shall follow the order of the number of votes polled in the elections.

Article 55 Other Incompatibilities
The incompatibilities referred to in the preceding article do not preclude the law from stipulating others in the future.

Article 56 Term
Deputies are elected for a term of five years.

Article 57 Oath of Deputies
(1) The Chamber verifies the credentials of its members and settles any disputes arising on the subject.

(2) On taking up office, deputies shall take the following oath:

    "I swear to be faithful to the Grand Duke and to obey the Constitution and the laws of the State."

(3) This oath is to be taken at a public sitting before the President of the Chamber.

Article 58 Government Incompatibility
A deputy appointed by the Government to a salaried post which he accepts immediately ceases to sit in the Chamber and does not resume his functions except by virtue of a new election.

Article 59 Two Votes
All Bills are submitted to a second vote unless the Chamber, in agreement with the Council of State, otherwise decides at a public sitting. There shall be an interval of a least three months between the two votes.

Article 60 President of the Chamber
At each session, the Chamber appoints its president and vice-presidents and sets up its Bureau.

Article 61 Publicity
Sittings of the Chamber are held in public, except where otherwise provided in the rules of procedure.

Article 62 Majority
(1) Resolutions require an absolute majority of votes. Should the votes be equally divided, the measure under discussion is rejected.

(2) The Chamber may not pass a resolution unless the majority of its members are present.

Article 63 Voting by Role Call
Voting on Bills as a whole always takes place by roll call.

Article 64 Right of Inquiry
The Chamber has the right of inquiry. The exercise of this right is regulated by the law.

Article 65 Article by Article Voting
A Bill may be passed by the Chamber only after it has been voted article by article.

Article 66 Amendments
The Chamber has the right to amend and divide the articles and amendments proposed.

Article 67 Petitions
(1) Petitions to the Chamber may not be presented in person.

(2) The Chamber has the right to refer to members of the Government any petitions addressed to it. Members of the Government shall provide explanations of their contents whenever the Chamber so requests.

(3) The Chamber does not concern itself with any petition that has private interests in view, unless it is aimed at redressing grievances stemming from unlawful acts of the Government or the authorities, or unless the decision to intervene lies within the competence of the Chamber.

Article 68 Indemnity
No deputy may be prosecuted or investigated on account of opinions expressed or votes cast by him in the course of his duties.

Article 69 Immunity
No deputy can be prosecuted or arrested in a repressive matter in the course of a session, without the Chamber's authorization, unless caught in the act of committing a serious offence. None of its members may be imprisoned for debt during the session without the same authorization. The detention or prosecution of a deputy is suspended during and throughout the session if the Chamber so demands.

Article 70 Rules of Procedure
The Chamber determines in its rules of procedure the manner in which it exercises its powers.

Article 71 Place of Sittings
The sittings of the Chamber are held in the place of residence of the administration of the Grand Duchy.

Article 72 Sessions
(1) The Chamber meets each year in ordinary session at the time specified in the rules of procedure.

(2) The Grand Duke may summon the Chamber to an extraordinary session; he is required to do this if a third of the deputies so request.

(3) Every session is opened and closed by the Grand Duke in person, or in his name by an authorized representative appointed for the purpose.

Article 73 ...
{ Abolished on 12 Jan 1998. The old provision read: "The Grand Duke may adjourn the Chamber. Such adjournment, however, may not exceed a period of one month nor be repeated during the same session without the Chamber's consent." }

Article 74 Dissolution
The Grand Duke may dissolve the Chamber. New elections are held at the latest within three months of the dissolution.

Article 75
Members of the Chamber of Deputies receive, in addition to their travelling expenses, an allowance of which the law determines the amount and conditions.