The President

Article 42
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic.

2. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is the symbol of the unity of the people and state power, the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of rights and freedoms of the person and citizen.

3. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic defines the fundamental directions of internal and external policy of the state, represents the Kyrgyz Republic within the country and in international relations, adopts measures to protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kyrgyz Republic, and ensures the unity and continuity of state power and the coordinated functioning and interaction of state bodies and their responsibility to the people.

                                                  Section One.
                                                    ELECTION
Article 43
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be elected for a term of five years.

2. The same person cannot be elected President for more than two consecutive terms.

3. A citizen of the Kyrgyz Republic who has command of the state language and who has been a resident of the republic for not less than 15 years before the nomination of his candidature to the office of the President, may be elected President of the Kyrgyz Republic if he is not less than 35 years of age and not older than 65 years of age.

4. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic cannot be a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh, hold any other posts or engage in entrepreneurial activity.

5. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic must suspend his activity in political parties and organizations during the term of office until the beginning of a new presidential election in the Kyrgyz Republic.

Article 44
1. A new presidential election in the Kyrgyz Republic is held two months before the date on which the powers of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic expire.

2. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is elected by citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic by a majority of actual votes cast; elections shall be held on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage, and by secret ballot.

3. The number of candidates for the office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic is not limited. A person, who has registered and who has collected not less than 50,000 voters signatures may be a candidate for the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.

4. The election of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic is considered valid if more than fifty per cent of all voters in the republic shall have taken part in the elections. In the first ballot, a candidate is considered elected to the office of the President if he/she obtains more than a half of the votes of voters who have taken part in the elections. If no candidate receives more than half of the votes cast in the first ballot, only the two candidates who received the most votes shall appear on the second ballot. In the second ballot, a candidate who receives more than half of the votes cast shall be considered elected if not less than fifty per cent of all voters participate.

Article 45
1. The results of the election for the President of the Kyrgyz Republic must be confirmed by the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic within 7 days after their completion.

2. After the Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic announces the results of voting, the President takes the oath of office within 30 days in the presence of the deputies of the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives.

3. Upon entering office, the President of the Kyrgyz Republic takes an oath to the people of Kyrgyzstan: "I, ..., assuming the office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my People and the Sacred homeland Ala-Too do swear: to sacredly observe and defend the Constitution and laws of the Kyrgyz Republic; to defend the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz State; to respect and guarantee the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic; with honor and tirelessly to perform the great responsibility of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic entrusted to me by the confidence of all the People!"

4. The term of the Presidential mandate begins from the moment of  taking the oath of office. The powers of the President terminate upon the moment when the newly elected President takes office.

                                                   Section Two.
                                     POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

Article 46
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

A) determines the structure of the Pravitel'stvo of the Kyrgyz Republic;
B) appoints the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic with the approval of the Assembly of People=s Representatives;
C) appoints in consultation with the Prime Minister of the Kyrgyz Republic, the members of the Pravitel'stvo of the Kyrgyz Republic and also the heads of administrative departments, and relieves them of their offices;
D) accepts requests by the Prime Minister, the Pravitel'stvo, or an individual member of the Pravitel'stvo to resign; adopts decisions on his own initiative regarding dismissal of the Prime Minister or Pravitel'stvo;
E) appoints with the consent of the appropriate local keneshes the heads of state administration of oblasts, rayons and cities; and relieves them of their offices;
F) appoints the State Secretary of the Kyrgyz Republic and determines his status and powers; forms the Administration of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic;
G) forms and abolishes executive organs not included in the composition of the Pravitel'stvo;
H) forms and heads the Security Council of the Kyrgyz Republic and other coordinated organs;
I) forms services of Government defense and the National Guard, which are under his purview;
J) confirms, in consultation with the Prime Minister, a unified system of training and selection of personnel for bodies maintained at the expense of the state budget, and of the financing of state bodies and payment of those working in the service of the state.

2. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

A) appoints, with the consent of the Assembly of People's Representatives, the Procurator General of the Kyrgyz Republic; appoints the deputy of the Procurator General, procurators of oblasts, the City of Bishkek and the military procurator of the Kyrgyz Republic; and relieves them of office;
B) appoints with the approval of the Assembly of the People's Representatives, the Chairman of the board of the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic, and relieves him of office;
C) presents to the Legislative Assembly and to the Assembly of People's Representatives candidates for election to the offices of Chairman of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, his deputy, and judges of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic;
D) presents to the Assembly of People's Representatives candidates for election to the offices of Chairman of the Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic and of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Kyrgyz Republic, their deputies, and judges of the Supreme Court of the Kyrgyz Republic and of the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Kyrgyz Republic;
E) appoints the chairmen, their deputies, and judges of the courts of oblasts, the city of Bishkek, rayons, cities, arbitration courts of the oblasts and the city of Bishkek, and also of the military courts of the Kyrgyz Republic, and relieves them of office under circumstances prescribed by the Constitution and laws.

3. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

A) directs the foreign policy of the Kyrgyz Republic;
B) conducts negotiations and signs international treaties of the Kyrgyz Republic;
C) signs instruments of ratification;
D) appoints and recalls diplomatic representatives of the Kyrgyz Republic in foreign states and international organizations; accepts the credentials and letters of recall of the heads of diplomatic missions of foreign states and representatives of international organizations accredited to the President of the Kyrgyz Republic;
E) decides questions of acceptance and forfeiture of citizenship in the Kyrgyz Republic and of granting political asylum.

4. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

1) confers state awards of the Kyrgyz Republic;
2) confers honorary titles of the Kyrgyz Republic;
3) confers higher military ranks, diplomatic ranks, class ranks, and other special titles;
4) grants pardons.

5. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

A) presents draft laws to the Jogorku Kenesh;
B) signs laws or returns them with his objections to the appropriate chamber of the Jogorku Kenesh for further consideration; publishes laws; has the right to protest laws and international treaties ratified by the Kyrgyz Republic to the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic;
C) speaks to the people in yearly messages on the state of affairs in the country, to be delivered at a joint sitting of both Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh;
D) has the right to suspend or annul the effectiveness of acts of the Pravitel'stvo of the Kyrgyz Republic and acts of other bodies of executive power;
E) has the right to decide issues of financing urgent matters at state expense; and establishes funds;
F) exercises legislative power under the circumstances and in accordance with the procedure set forth in Article 68 of this Constitution.

6. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic:

1) has the right to call early meetings of the Legislative Assembly and early sessions of the Assembly of People Representatives and to determine issues subject to consideration;
2) designates referenda on his own initiative, or decides to call referenda upon the initiative of no less than 300, 000 voters or a majority of the total number of deputies of both Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh;
3) calls elections to the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People Representatives, carries out early dissolution of the Legislative Assembly and Assembly of People Representatives under  the circumstances set forth in this Constitution;
4) calls elections to local Keneshes and carries out their early dissolution under the circumstances set forth in the laws of the Kyrgyz Republic;
5) appoints the Chairman of the Central Commission on Elections and the Conducting of Referenda and one-third of its members;
6) appoints the Chairman of the Chamber of Auditors and one-third of its auditors.
7. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic upon grounds specified by law, warns of the possibility of introducing a state of emergency, and when necessary introduces a state of emergency in specific localities without prior declaration, of which action he promptly informs the Legislative Assembly.
8. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic declares universal or partial mobilization; announces a state of war in the event ofaggression or direct threat of aggression to the Kyrgyz Republic, promptly submits the issue for consideration of the Legislative Assembly; declares a state of war in the interests of the defense of the country and the safety of its citizens, and promptly submits the issue for consideration of the Legislative Assembly.
9. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces, and appoints and dismisses commanders of the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Article 47
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic issues decrees and orders.

2. Decrees and orders of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic must be executed within the entire territory of the Kyrgyz Republic.

3. Decrees issued by the President of the Kyrgyz Republic while executing legislative powers in accordance with subpoint 6 of point 5 of Article 46 of the Constitution have the force of law.

Article 48
The President of the Kyrgyz Republic has the right to transfer powers specified in subpoint 2 of point 3 of Article 46 of the Constitution to the Prime Minister, members of the Pravitel'stvo, and other officials; and also has the right to ratify international financial contracts and credit agreements signed by them.

Article 49
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic enjoys the right of immunity. The honor and dignity of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic is protected by law.

2. The support, service and protection of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, as well as his family, is provided at state expense.

Article 50
1. The powers of the President may be terminated as a result of resignation on his own petition made by him at a joint session of the Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh or upon his dismissal from office in accordance with the procedure specified in this Constitution or also upon inability to execute his powers due to illness or as a result of his death.

2. If the President of the Kyrgyz Republic is unable to carry out his duties due to illness, both Chambers of the Jogorku Kenesh are to adopt a decision on early dismissal of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic from office based upon the conclusion of a State Medical Commission created by them upon a vote of no less than two-thirds of the total number of the deputies of each of the Chambers.

Article 51
1. The President of the Kyrgyz Republic may be dismissed from office by the Assembly of Peoples' Representatives only on the basis of a charge made by the Legislative Assembly of high treason or commission of another grievous crime confirmed by a ruling of the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic.

2. The decision by the Legislative Assembly to bring a charge against the President of the Kyrgyz Republic for dismissal of him from office must be made by a vote of not less than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of the Legislative Assembly upon the initiative of a majority of the total number of deputies of that chamber, and is to be accompanied by a ruling by a special commission formed by the Legislative Assembly.

3. A negative ruling by the Constitutional Court of the Kyrgyz Republic on a charge made by the Legislative Assembly shall result in the dissolution of the Legislative Assembly.

4. A resolution of the Assembly of People's Representatives on dismissal of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic from office must be adopted by a majority vote of no fewer than two-thirds of the total number of deputies of that chamber, no later than two months after the bringing of the charge against the President by the Legislative Assembly. If a decision shall not be reached by the Assembly within this period, the charge shall be considered refuted.

Article 52
1. If the President of the Kyrgyz Republic is unable to carry out his duties for reasons stated in Article 50 of the this Constitution, the Prime Minister thereafter shall carry out his duties until the election of a new President of the Kyrgyz Republic. Elections for a new President of the Kyrgyz Republic must in this case be conducted within three months of the termination of the term of office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic.

2. The Prime Minister, while executing the duties of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, does not have the right to dissolve the Legislative Assembly or the Assembly of People's Representatives, to call a referendum, to terminate the authority of the Pravitel'stvo, or to make proposals for introducing amendments and supplements to the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Article 53
1. All former Presidents of the Kyrgyz Republic, except those who have been dismissed from office by the procedure established in Article 51 of the this Constitution, shall have the title of ex-President of the Kyrgyz Republic.

2. Provision, maintenance, and protection of an ex-President of the Kyrgyz Republic shall be made at state expense by a procedure established by law.