General and Transitional Provisions

Article 174  Amendments of the Constitution
(1) The Amir or one-third of the members of the National Assembly have the right to propose a revision of the Constitution by amending53231 or deleting one or more of its provisions or by adding new provisions.
(2) If the Amir and the majority of the members constituting the National Assembly approve the principle of revision and its subject matter, the Assembly debates the bill article by article. Approval by a two-thirds majority vote of the members constituting the Assembly is required for the bill to be passed.  The revision comes into force only after being sanctioned and promulgated by the Amir regardless of the provisions of Articles 65 and 66.
(3) If the principle of revision or its subiect matter is rejected, it may not be presented again before the lapse of one year from the rejection.
(4) No amendment to this Constitution may be proposed before the lapse of five years from its coming into force.
Article 175  Limits to Constitutional Amendments
The provisions relating to the Amiri System in Kuwait and the principles of liberty and equality, provided for in this Constitution, may not be proposed for revision except in relation to the title of the Amirate or to increase the guarantees of liberty and equality.
Article 176  Powers of the Amir
The powers of the Amir, specified in this Constitution, may not be proposed for revision when a Deputy Amir is acting for him.
Article 177  Continuation of Treaties
The application of this Constitution does not affect treaties and conventions previously concluded by Kuwait with other States and international organizations.
Article 178  Publication of Laws
Laws are published in the Official Gazette within two weeks of their promulgation and come into force one month after their publication.  The latter period may be extended or reduced for any law by a special provision included in it.
Article 179  Retroactive Laws
The laws are applicable to that which takes place after the date of their coming into force, and thus have no effect in respect of what has taken place before such date.  However, in other than penal matters, a law may, with the approval of a majority vote of the members constituting the National Assembly, prescribe otherwise.
Article 180  Continuation of Laws
All provisions of laws, regulations, decrees, orders, and decisions, in effect upon the coming into force of this Constitution, continue to be applicable unless amended or repealed in accordance with the procedure preseribed in this Constitution, provided that they are not contrary to any of its provisions.
Article 181  No Suspension of Constitution
No provision of this Constitution may be suspended except when Martial Law is in force and within the limits specified by the law.  Under no circumstances may the meetings of the National Assembly be suspended, nor shall the immunities of its members be interfered with during such period.
Article 182  Publication, Enforcement
This Constitution shall be published in the Official Gazette and comes into force on the date of the meeting of the National Assembly which shall not be later than January 1963.
Article 183  Continuing Assembly
Law Number I of 1962 concerning the system of Government during the period of transition continues to be in force, and the present members of the Constituent Assembly continue in the exercis of their duties specified in the said law, until themeeting of the National Assembly.