The Judiciary

Article 45
(1) In the Republic of Hungary, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Hungary, the Court of the Capital City and the county courts, and local courts administer justice.

(2) Legislation may provide for the institution of special courts for certain groups of cases.

Article 46
The courts administer justice in councils of professional judges and lay assessors. Legislation may authorize exceptions to this rule.

Article 47
The Supreme Court of the Republic of Hungary sets guidelines based on principles for the judicial work of every court. The directives and decisions in questions of principle of the Supreme Court are binding on all courts of the country.

Article 48
(1) The President of the Supreme Court is elected, after nomination by the President of the Republic, by Parliament. The vice-presidents of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of the Republic on nomination by the President of the Supreme Court. For the election of the President of the Supreme Court, the votes of two thirds of the Members of Parliament are necessary.

(2) Professional judges are appointed by the President of the Republic in the manner determined by the law.

(3) Judges may be removed from office only for reasons and through procedures laid down in the law.

Article 49

Repealed

Article 50
(1) The Courts of the Republic of Hungary protect and ensure constitutional order, the rights and lawful interests of citizens, and punish the perpetrators of criminal offenses.

(2) The Courts supervise the legality of the decisions of public administration.

(3) Judges are independent and are subordinate only to the law. Judges may not hold membership in any party and must not carry on political activities.

(4) To adopt the law on the Courts, the votes of two thirds of the MPs present are necessary.