Ombudsman for the Protection of Civil Rights Ombudsman for the Protection of National and Ethnic Minority Rights

Article 32/B
(1) It is the duty of the Parliamentary Commissioner (Ombudsman) for Civil Rights to investigate, or to have investigated, any abuse of constitutional rights that has come to his attention, and to initiate general or particular measures for redress.

(2) The Ombudsman for the protection of national and minority rights investigates, or has investigated, any abuse of nationality or ethnic minority rights that has come to his attention, and to initiate general or particular measures for redress.

(3) In cases defined in the law, anyone may propose that the Ombudsman take action.

(4) The Ombudsmen for civil rights and for nationality and ethnic minority rights are elected, on the nomination of the President of the Republic, by Parliament - with two thirds of the affirmative votes of all MPs necessary. For the protection of certain constitutional rights, Parliament may elect separate ombudsmen.

(5) The competence of the Ombudsman for national and ethnic minority rights is exercised by a body appointed by national and ethnic minority groups and elected by the Parliament consisting of one person for each nationality and ethnic minority group, and elected by Parliament.

(6) Each Ombudsman reports on his activities and experiences annually to Parliament.

(7) For the ratification of the law on Ombudsmen (parliamentary commissioners), the affirmative votes of two-thirds of the MPs present are required.