International Relations

Chapter VII International Relations

Part 1 International Agreements

Article 132: Concurrent Power

International agreements are, on behalf of the Republic of Croatia, concluded by the President of the Republic, but may also be concluded, in conformity with law, by the Government of the Republic of Croatia.

Article 133: Ratification, Qualified Ratification

1. International agreements which entail the passage or amendment of laws, international agreements of a military and political nature, and international agreements which financially commit the Republic are subject to ratification by the Croatian Parliament.

2. International Agreements which grant international organizations or alliances powers derived from the Constitution of the Republic of Croatia are subject to ratification by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority vote of all representatives.

Article 134: Priority Over Law

International agreements concluded and ratified in accordance with the Constitution and made public are part of the Republic's internal legal order and are in terms of legal effect above law. Their provisions may be changed or repealed only under conditions and in the way specified in them, or in accordance with the general rules of international law.

Part 2 Association and Secession

Article 135: Initiative, Majority, Referendum

1. Procedure for the association of the Republic of Croatia in alliances with other states may be instituted by at least one third of the representatives in the Croatian Parliament, by the President of the Republic, or by the Government of the Republic of Croatia.

2. Such association of the Republic shall first be decided upon by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority vote of all representatives.

3. The decision concerning the Republic's association must be made on the basis of a referendum by a majority vote of the total number of electors in the Republic.

4. Such referendum shall be held within 30 days from the date the decision was rendered by the Croatian Parliament by a two-thirds majority vote of all representatives.

5. The decision concerning the republic's association is made on the basis of a referendum by a majority vote of the total number of electors in the Republic.

6. Such referendum shall be held within 30 days from the date the decision was rendered by the Croatian Parliament.

7. The provisions of this Constitution concerning association shall also relate to conditions and procedure for secession of the Republic of Croatia, except when owing to extraordinary circumstances the Croatian Parliament may, at the proposal of a third of the representatives, or of the President of the Republic, or the Government of the Republic of Croatia, for the purposes of protection of the Republic of Croatia, decide on secession by a two-thirds majority vote of all representatives present.