Organization of Local Self-Government and Administration

Chapter VI Organization of Local Self-Government and Administration

Article 128: Local Self-Government

1. Citizens are guaranteed the right to local self-government.

2. The right to local self-government includes the right to decide on needs and interests of local significance, particularly on regional development and town planning, organization of localities and housing, public utilities, child care, social welfare, culture, physical culture, sports and technical culture, and the protection and promotion of the environment.

3. A law shall be passed on local self-government.

Article 129: Units and Bodies

1. Units of local self-government are, in conformity with law, municipalities and districts or towns. Their areas are determined by law after the opinion of the inhabitants of the areas concerned has been heard.

2. The organization and responsibilities of the bodies of local self-government units are regulated by their statutes in conformity with law.

3. Citizens may directly participate in the management of local affairs, in conformity with law and the statute of local self-government units.

4. Citizens also have the right to establish, in conformity with law, other forms of local self-government in localities and parts thereof.

Article 130: Independence, Supervision

1. Units of local self-government are, in conformity with law and by-laws, independent in the conduct of local affairs and only subjected to the supervision of legality by competent bodies of the Republic.

2. In municipalities and districts or towns, local self-government bodies may be established by law. The organization and responsibilities of such bodies is regulated by law.

3. Specific affairs of state administration may be by law transferred to the responsibility of local self-government bodies. In conducting such affairs, bodies of local self-government units shall be subordinate, in conformity with law, to bodies of state administration.

Article 131: Determination of Counties

1. Counties are units of local administration and self-government. Areas of counties are determined by law so as to express the historical, transport, and economic factors, and to natural self-government units within the framework of the Republic.

2. The organization and responsibilities of County bodies are determined by law.

3. Large towns may by law be organized as counties.