Basic Provisions

Chapter II Basic Provisions

Article 1: State Principles

1. The Republic of Croatia is a unitary and indivisible democratic and social state. Power in the Republic of Croatia is derived from the people and belongs to the people as a community of free and equal citizens.

2. The people exercise this power through the election of representatives and through direct decision-making.

Article 2: Sovereignty

1. The sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia is inalienable, indivisible and nontransferable.

2. The sovereignty of the Republic of Croatia encompasses its lands, rivers, lakes, canals, internal maritime waters, territorial sea, and the air space above these.

3. The Republic of Croatia exercises, in accordance with international law, sovereign rights and jurisdiction over the maritime areas and the seabed and subsoil thereof of the Adriatic Sea outside the state territory up to the borders of neighboring countries.

4. The Croatian Parliament and people directly, independently, and in accordance with the Constitution and law, decide:
  1. on the regulation of economic, legal and political relations in the Republic of Croatia;
  2. on the preservation of natural and cultural wealth and its utilization; - on association in alliances with other states.
5. The Republic of Croatia may conclude alliances with other states, retaining the sovereign right to decide by itself on the powers to be transferred and the right to withdraw from them freely.

Article 3: State Values

Freedom, equal rights, national equality, peace, social justice, respect for human rights, inviolability of ownership, conservation of nature and the human environment, the rule of law, and a democratic multiparty system are the highest values of the constitutional order of the Republic of Croatia.

Article 4: State Powers

The government in the Republic of Croatia is organized on the principle of separation of powers into the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

Article 5: Rule of Law

1. Laws in the Republic of Croatia must conform with the Constitution, and other rules and regulations must conform with the Constitution and the law.

2. Everyone has to abide by the Constitution and law and respect the legal order of the Republic.

Article 6: Political Parties

1. The formation of political parties is free.

2. Political parties have to be organized according to a territorial principle. The work of any political party, which by its program of activity violently endangers the democratic constitutional order, independence, unity, or territorial integrity of the Republic of Croatia is prohibited.

Article 7: Armed Forces

1. The armed forces of the Republic of Croatia protect its sovereignty and independence and defend its territorial integrity.

2. The defense system of the Republic of Croatia is regulated by law.

Article 8: Borders

The borders of the Republic of Croatia may only be altered by decision of the Croatian Parliament.

Article 9: Citizenship

1. Croatian citizenship, its acquisition and termination is regulated by law.

2. No citizen of the Republic of Croatia may be exiled from the Republic, be deprived of citizenship, or be extradited to another state.

Article 10: Citizens Abroad

1. The Republic of Croatia protects the rights and interests of its citizens living or staying abroad, and promotes their links with the homeland.

2. Parts of the Croatian nation in other states are guaranteed special concern and protection by the Republic of Croatia.

Article 11: State Symbols

1. The coat-of-arms of the Republic of Croatia is the historical Croatian coat-of arms whose base consists of 25 alternating red and white fields.

2. The flag of the Republic of Croatia consists of three colors: red, white, and blue, with the historical Croatian coat-of-arms in the center.

3. The anthem of the Republic of Croatia is "Lijepa nasa domovino".

4. The description of the historical Croatian coat-of-arms and flag, the text of the anthem, and the use of these and other state symbols is regulated by law.

Article 12: State Language

1. The Croatian language and the Latin script are in official use in the Republic of Croatia.

2. In individual local units, another language and the Cyrillic or some other script may, along with the Croatian language and the Latin script, be introduced into official use under conditions specified by law.

Article 13: Capital: Zagreb

1. The capital of the Republic of Croatia is Zagreb.

2. The city of Zagreb is a separate territorial and administrative unit whose organization is regulated by law.
  1. Historical Foundations
  2. Basic Provisions
  3. Fundamental Freedoms and Rights of Man and Citizen
  4. Organization of Government
  5. The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Croatia
  6. Organization of Local Self-Government and Administration
  7. International Relations
  8. Amending the Constitution
  9. Transitional and Concluding Provisions