(1) This Act may be called the Sugar-cane Act, 1934.
1*[(2) It extends to the whole of India, except 2*[the territories which, immediately before the 1st November, 1956, were comprised in Part B States].]
(3) This section shall come into force at once; the remaining sections of this Act shall come into force in any State 3*[or part of a State] on such date as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint in that behalf.
In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-
(1) "Controlled area" means any area specified in a notification issued under sub-section (1) of section 3;
(2) "Factory" means any premises (including the precincts thereof) wherein twenty or more workers are working or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months and in any part of which any manufacturing process connected with the production of sugar is being carried on or is ordinarily carried on with the aid of power;and
(3) "Sugar" means any form of sugar containing more than ninety per cent. of sucrose.
(1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare any area specified in the notification to be a controlled area for the purposes of this Act.
(2) 1*The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, fix a minimum price or minimum prices for the purchase in any controlled area of sugar-cane intended for use in any factory.
(3) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, prohibit in any controlled area the purchase of sugarcane intended for use in any factory otherwise than from the grower of the sugarcane or from a person licensed by the State Government to act as a purchasing agent.
Not less than thirty days before the issue of any notification under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 3, the State Government shall publish in the Official Gazette and in such other manner (if any) as it thinks fit a draft of the proposed notification specifying a date on or after which the draft will be taken into consideration, and shall consider any objection or suggestion which may be received from any person with respect to the draft before the date so specified.
Whoever in any controlled area purchases any sugarcane intended for use in a factory at a price less than the minimum price fixed therefor by notification under sub-section (2) of section 3 or in contravention of any prohibition made under sub-section (3) of section 3 shall be punishable with fine which may extend to two thousand rupees.
No Court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under section 5 except upon complaint made by order of, or under authority from, the District Magistrate.
(1) The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for the purpose of carrying into effect the objects of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for-
(a) The carrying out of inquiries preliminary to the exercise of the powers conferred by section 3;
(b) Establishing Advisory Committees for any purpose connected with the administration of this Act and defining the powers,functions and procedure of such Committees;
(c) The issue of licences to purchasing agents, the fees for such licences, and the regulation of the purchase and sale of sugarcane by and to such agents;
(d) The organisation of growers of sugarcane into societies for the sale of sugarcane to factories;
(e) The authorities by which any functions under this Act or the rules made there under are to be performed; and
(f) The records, registers and accounts to be maintained for ensuring compliance with the provisions of this Act.
(3) In making any rule under sub-section (1) or under clause (c) or clause (f) of sub-section (2), the State Government may provide that a breach of the rule shall, where no other penalty is provided by this Act, be punishable with fine not exceeding two thousand rupees.
The State Government after previous publication may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules providing for the exemption of factories or any class of factories from the provisions of this Act.
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